Episode 221: Julian Huxley and the WWF part 1 (Premium)

Join us as we chronicle the nature conservation group WWF. The World Wide Fund for nature has it’s roots in Eugenics and on this episode we cover the history of the founding member of the World Wildlife Fund, and hey he was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society and was its president from 1959 to 1962. This is the first of a 4-part series it gets darker as the series goes along. TLDL White dudes think white dudes should own everything never ends ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Citations:

  • “If you close off the forest, it’s the end of world for the Baka” Gabriella Rutherford, Survival International March 8, 2019
  • The Life and Legacy of Julian Huxley (julianhuxleyeugenics.blogspot.com)
    Selected Publications by Julian Huxley Huxley, Julian. “UNESCO: Its Purpose and its Philosophy.” Preparatory Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 15 June 1946. Huxley, Julian. "The Vital Importance of Eugenics." Harper's Monthly Magazine. Aug 1931. Huxley, Julian. “How can Man improve Man?” New Scientist. 192 (2006): 14-14. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. "Statement on Race." UNESCO. Paris, 21 November 1951. Secondary Sources and Biographies Dronamraju, K.R. (1993) If I Am To Be Remembered: The life and work of Julian Huxley with selected correspondence. World Scientific Publishing Co, River Edge, NJ. Baker, J.R and Green, J.P. (1978) Julian Huxley: scientist and world citizen, 1887-1975. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Paris, France. Toye, J. and Toye, R. (2010) One World, Two Cultures? Alfred Zimmern, Julian Huxley and the Ideological Origins of UNESCO. Journal of Historical Association. (308-331).
  • Publication date 1993 Topics Wildlife conservation, Nature, Economic development, Wildlife management, Jagd, Naturschutz, Tiere, Artenschutz Publisher New York : Knopf Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks; americana Digitizing sponsor Internet Archive Contributor Internet Archive Language English
  • Fred Pearce This article is more than 11 years old Huge out-of-town stores that are inaccessible by public transport, illegally logged timber products and half-hearted attempts to join WWF's Earth Hour. Who is Ikea trying to fool with its greenwash? Aerial view of an Ikea superstore and car park in Edmonton, north London Swedish meatballs? ... an Ikea superstore and car park in Edmonton, north London. Photograph: David Levene Thu 2 Apr 2009 06.05 EDT
  • Why you should listen A senior vice president in charge of markets at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Clay's goal is to create global standards for producing and using raw materials, particularly in terms of carbon and water. He has convened roundtables of retailers, buyers, producers and environmentalists to reduce the impacts of producing a range of goods and to encourage environmentally sensitive practices in agriculture, aquaculture and industry. He thinks deeply about the evolving role of the NGOs in the 21st century, using venture philanthropy to make them more nimble and operating at the speed and scale of life on the planet today. Before joining WWF in 1999, Clay ran a family farm, taught at Harvard and Yale, worked at the US Department of Agriculture and spent more than 25 years working with NGOs.
  • Conservation campaigners were misled into believing that the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) supported the inclusion of ‘avoided deforestation’ credits within the the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) ahead of Tuesday’s vote in the influential Environment Committee of the European Parliament.
  • The World Wide Fund for Nature funds vicious paramilitary forces to fight poaching. A BuzzFeed News investigation reveals the hidden human cost. Picture of Tom Warren Tom Warren Investigations Correspondent Picture of Katie J.M. Baker Katie J.M. Baker BuzzFeed News Investigative Reporter Posted on March 4, 2019, at 3:26 a.m. ET
  • Parks need peoplestHow will we survive? (survivalinternational.org)
    The wildlife guards beat us like animals. We want what they’re doing to end.Bayaka woman, Congo, Sept. 4, 2016
  • Investigative group claims that members of group's Global forest and trade network are involved in 'highly destructive activities' WWF is accused of letting timber companies use its logo while they were razing rainforests, such as this one in Borneo. Photograph: Frans Lanting/Corbis
  • Jonathan Latham, PhD (Photo Credit: auspices) Imagine an international mega-deal. The global organic food industry agrees to support international agribusiness in clearing as much tropical rainforest as they want for farming. In return, agribusiness agrees to farm the now-deforested land using organic methods, and the organic industry encourages its supporters to buy the resulting timber and food under the newly devised “Rainforest Plus” label. There would surely be an international outcry.
  • Two weeks ago, REDD-Monitor wrote a post about a partnership between WWF and Rougier, a French logging company, in Cameroon. The partnership is part of WWF’s controversial Global Forest and Trade Network.
  • Monkey Slaves
  • This arrest and conviction underlines several key advances in the park’s anti-poaching efforts over the past two years. The Republic of Congo has witnessed war and human tragedy, but a war of another kind is being fought – a war to save endangered wildlife, particularly elephants, from poaching syndicates that have ravaged the country.
  • Wilmar International, the world’s biggest palm oil trader, has quit the steering group of the High Carbon Stock Approach (HCSA), which helps agribusiness identify forest areas for protection. It cited governance and financial problems within the group — which includes members from agribusiness, civil society and environmental watchdogs — as justification for its April 2 exit. But other steering group members and watchdogs say it appears Wilmar is trying to shirk its conservation and sustainability commitments as an HCSA member, and that its exit hurts efforts to boost sustainability in the sector. The HCSA mechanism is used by agribusiness to distinguish forest areas that should be protected from degraded areas that can be developed, in a bid to minimize deforestation.
  • October 13, 2014 PandaLeaks 10 Comments The WWF raises money across the globe to save the orangutan. The organization does, in fact, act to preserve existing national parks that are home to the likeable, funny-faced apes. But at the same time, the WWF – a strong proponent of plant-based energy production worldwide – is aiding its agribusiness partners in annihilating much larger areas of rainforest in the name of sustainability. A years’-long globe-spanning investigative journey took journalist and filmmaker Wilfried Huismann to the Indonesian part of Borneo. There he discovered that in Central Kalimantan alone the company Wilmar International, one of the world’s biggest palm oil players, had already cleared almost 200,000 hectares of rainforest using ruthless slash-and-burn methods. In 2007 the WWF concluded a “Memorandum of Understanding” with Wilmar, pledging support for the company’s Central Kalimantan palm oil operations, which the WWF deems “sustainable”.
  • 23 April 2020 -- Sinar Mas Group’s Asia Pulp & Paper (SMG/APP) has a legacy of over 30 years of more than 2 million hectares of deforestation, destruction of wildlife habitat, fires and greenhouse gas emissions from peat development, and conflicts with local communities related to land grabbing, forest clearance and pulpwood plantation development in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia (see timeline of deforestation here).
  • As security services in Cancún gear up for anti-globalization demonstrations, Claude Martin, Director General of WWF International, says he believes we do need the WTO - but a reformed version that focuses on its core business. The WTO should focus on its core business, for example promoting fairer trade in agriculture. © WWF / Mauri Rautkari
  • Not to be confused with World Wrestling Federation.
  • WWF was registered as a charity on 11 September 1961 and so the international fund-raising mission could formally begin.
  • Sir Julian Huxley, in full Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, (born June 22, 1887, London—died Feb. 14, 1975, London), English biologist, philosopher, educator, and author who greatly influenced the modern development of embryology, systematics, and studies of behaviour and evolution.
  • Swiss authorities are investigating claims that anti-poaching squads backed by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) committed a series of alleged human rights abuses against the indigenous Baka people of Cameroon.
  • The WWF is the most powerful environmental organization in the world and campaigns internationally on issues such as saving tigers and rain forests. But a closer look at its work leads to a sobering conclusion: Many of its activities benefit industry more than the environment or endangered species. Von Jens Glüsing und Nils Klawitter 29.05.2012, 15.28 Uhr
  • Genocide in Africa The Worldwide Fund for Nature WWF (https://environmentwatertreatment.blogspot.com/2010/06/)
    Genocide in Africa The Worldwide Fund for Nature WWF WWF The Worldwide Fund for Nature--WWF--renowned the world over as a charitable organization established to protect endangered species, is provably responsible for the slaughter of animals and human beings across Africa and on other continents around the globe on an unprecedented scale. The 1994 Rwanda genocide is but the latest instance of the WWF in action.
  • The legendary code machine was discovered last month during a search for abandoned fishing nets in the Bay of Gelting in northeast Germany, by divers on assignment for environmental group WWF.
  • He claimed there was “overwhelming evidence” against Pachauri that he misused the bail conditions. A criminal case on charges of sexual harassment, stalking and criminal intimidation was registered against Pachauri on February 18 by the police.
  • Silencing the panda is a reference to the BRAND WWF's Panda Logo. Silencing the Panda = Stop hearing the lies WWF propagates manipulative deceptions better then many- given the money they take in!
  • Tag: WWF (redd-monitor.org)
    Unanswered questions about WWF’s REDD project in Mai Ndombe, Democratic Republic of Congo Some questions for Hicham Daoudi, project manager of WWF’s REDD project in Mai Ndombe, Democratic Republic of Congo WWF’s REDD project in Mai Ndombe, Democratic Republic of Congo: No consultation, no transparency, and communities paid less than DRC’s minimum wage
  • Foreign ‘conservation armies’ in Africa may be doing more harm than good (The Conversation Academic rigor, journalistic flair)
    Conservation is becoming more militarised, and it is cause for serious concern. Rising rates of elephant and rhino poaching in Africa, and fears of a link between poachers and terrorists, have led to foreign national armies, private military companies and even UN peacekeeping forces all moving into wildlife protection.
  • Norah BerkPrince LungunguDecember 2020
  • In February 2016, Survival International filed a complaint with the Swiss NCP regarding the activities of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in Cameroon. The complaint alleges WWFs involvement in violent abuse and land theft against Baka “Pygmies” in Cameroon, carried out by anti-poaching squads that are partly funded and equipped. The complainant alleges that before beginning its work in Cameroon, WWF failed to consider what impact its involvement would have on the Baka and as a result has contributed to human rights violations. Survival International claims that WWF supports conservation zones on Baka land, to which the Baka are denied access, as well as the anti-poaching squads that have violently abused Baka men and women, and other rainforest tribes, for well over a decade. Survival International argues these actions are a violation of the human rights and due diligence provisions of the OECD Guidelines and WWFs own policy on indigenous peoples.
  • A new investigation has uncovered further revelations of WWF-linked abuses of local people in the name of conservation. It’s the THIRD major exposé this year since Survival International drew attention to the organization’s funding of an illegal conservation project. In Forest of Fear, part of Channel 4’s Unreported World series broadcast in the UK on May 31, reporter Ade Adepitan investigated WWF’s plan to create a protected area in the Congo against the wishes of the local people. “Something has gone very badly wrong here,” said Adepitan after interviewing the Baka people living in the area of the proposed Messok Dja park.
  • A Rich Tradition of Conservation (African Wildlife Leadership Foundation, Inc)
    A Rich Tradition of Conservation In 1961, African Wildlife Leadership Foundation, Inc., later African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), was established to focus on Africa’s unique conservation needs. This chronology highlights important steps in AWF’s growth and success for the past 50 years.
  • The World Wildlife Fund puts the clinch once again on the World Wrestling Federation in a tussle over use of "WWF." Aug. 2, 2002 1:40 a.m. PT
  • by JEFFREY ST. CLAIR Back in the good old days, a corporation with an unappetizing relationship to the natural world would often try to burnish their image by luring an executive or top staffer from an environmental group onto their board or into their public relations department, where they could offer testimonials to the toxic firm's newfound reverence for Mother Earth. But times have changed. Now it's the environmental groups who seem to be on a shopping spree for corporate executives. For the latest example of this repellent trend let us turn to the World Wildlife Fund. Last week, WWF announced that Linda Coady, now a senior executive at Weyerhaeuser Co, will become vice-president of the World Wildlife Fund's newly created Pacific regional office in January. Weyerhaeuser is the great behemoth of the timber industry, which has rampaged through the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest leaving ruin and extinction in its wake. Weyerhaeuser has operated in Canada for many years, but in the last decade it has dramatically picked up the pace of its clearcutting in British Columbia-- partly because it has largely liquidated its vast holdings in Washington and partly to flee the constraints of US environmental laws and lawsuits. Before advancing to Weyerhaeuser, Coady sharpened her teeth at Macmillan-Bloedel, aka Mac-Blo. Macmillan Bloedel made billions by clearcutting all but the tiniest sliver of Vancouver Island before being bought out by Weyerhaeuser. (That sliver was spared only after 900 people got arrested for blocking logging roads in 1993. Needlesstosay, no World Wildlife Fund execs soiled their Gore-Tex rain jackets in those stormy protests.) Neither company has ever shown the least regard for the rights of the First Nations of Canada, who lay claim to much of the remaining coastal forests of British Columbia. And the Canadian government has chosen to allow the timber companies to clearcut those lands before the claims have been settled. Indeed, Weyerhaeuser is now being sued by the Haida Nation for illegally clearcutting their land in the Queen Charlotte Islands, which they call Haida Gwaii. "They've come and wiped out one resource after another," says Guujaaw, chief of the Haida in British Columbia. He notes that Weyerhaeuser logs the old growth and ships it straight to its mills in Washington State. The Haida get no money and no jobs. "We've been watching the logging barges leaving for years and years," says Guujaaw. "And we have seen practically nothing for Haida." The moss-draped forests of British Columbia are even more vulnerable than those of Washington, Oregon and Alaska. There are few environmental laws to restrain the appetite of the timber companies and the environmental movement itself is understaffed and overwhelmed. Now, defenders of Canadian ancient forests must contend with a conservation group run by a timber executive. The result of this mismatch shows up starkly on the ground, where the clearcuts ramble farther than the eye can see and the salmon, bears and birds of the deep forest are vanishing at a heartbreaking rate. At the top of the list is the northern spotted owl, the very symbol of the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest. In the US, the owl is afforded a minimum level of protection under the Endangered Species Act-though George W. Bush recently pronounced his desire to jettison the guidelines and resume logging its nesting grounds once again. But in Canada the reclusive raptor enjoys not even the pretense of such a safe harbor; its nesting and foraging habitat-200 to 800 year-old stands of Douglas-fir and Sitka spruce-are leveled without quarter or regret. As a result, scientists expect that the bird will soon go extinct, perhaps within the next decade. "It feels like we are taking care of the dodo," said Ken Macquisten, a veterinarian and managing director of the Grouse Mountain Refuge for Endangered Wildlife. "We have gone from managing owl populations to managing individual birds." With a Weyerhaeuser honcho now running the biggest conservation group in the region, the prospects for the owl-and nearly every other creature that calls the deep forest home-seems bleak indeed. Of course, it's hard to work up too much of a froth about this latest merger of clearcutters and self-advertised nature defenders. After all, the World Wildlife Fund functions more like a corporate enterprise than a public interest group. It practices retail environmentalism and has made millions upon millions hawking its panda logo, a brand as zealously marketed as Nike's "swoosh". But, of course, it's done almost nothing to save the panda, penned in by rampant deforestation and poaching, except peddle pictures to trophy wives and innocent third graders. Call it panda porn. But the panda cash machine isn't the group's only source of money. The World Wildlife Fund also rakes in millions from corporations, including Alcoa, Citigroup, the Bank of America, Kodak, J.P. Morgan, the Bank of Tokyo, Philip Morris, Waste Management and DuPont. They even offer an annual conservation award funded by and named after the late oil baron J. Paul Getty. It hawks its own credit card and showcases its own online boutique. As a result, WWF's budget has swelled to over $100 million a year and its not looking back. Where does all the money go? Most of it goes to pay for plush offices, robust salaries, and a tireless direct mail operation to raise even more money. WWF's CEO, the icy Kathryn S. Fuller, pulls in a cool $250,000 a year, including benefits. This is the remorseless logic of modern environmentalism, in which non-profits are more obsessed with fundraising than the corporations that they are supposed to be battling. Indeed, the relentless cash hunt leads them serenely right into corporate boardrooms, hands out, mouth gagged. Remember it was only a couple of years ago that WWF outraged many environmentalists and human rights activists by giving an award to Shell Oil, the company that stood mute as its partners in the murderous junta of generals that ran Nigerian lynched Ken Saro-Wiwa and 8 other environmentalists fighting Shell's foul operations on Ogoni land in the Niger River delta. This self-induced moral blindness is par for the course. The World Wildlife Fund is one of those outfits that believes capitalism is good for the environment. It has backed nearly every trade bill to come down the pike, from NAFTA to GATT. WWF has also sidled up to some very unsavory government agencies advancing the same neo-liberal agenda across the Third World, including US AID. The World Wildlife Fund is so paranoid about its image that it recently sued-and won-to force the World Wrestling Federation to change its name, lest it sully its "WWF" trademark. Of course, if you really care about the environment your money would probably be better spent by watching some World Wrestling extravaganza on pay-per-view rather than in a membership to WWF. At least, the wrestling provides some laughs. Your contribution to WWF will fatten the salary of a timber executive such as Linda Coady parading around in the guise of an environmentalist. It gives cross-dressing a bad name. When the Haida launched their battle against Weyerhaeuser and its rich army of lobbyists and lawyers earlier this year, Guujaaw observed: "You cannot buy the lifestyle we have with money." It's a lesson that the environmental groups like World Wildlife Fund should take to heart before they discover that they've become little more than the well-paid zombies of the corporations they have gotten into bed with. I'm not holding my breath.
  • “Each month seems to bring fresh revelations of just how far WWF is prepared to go to promote fortress conservation. Shoot on sight policies, sterilization programs for villagers living near national parks – these are signs of a movement that’s completely lost its sense of ethics in pursuit of a hardline anti-people agenda.”
  • assets.worldwildlife.org (assets.worldwildlife.org)
    assets.worldwildlife.org
  • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with World Wrestling Federation.
  • An extensive probe found a leading wildlife conservation organization involved in sterilizing women residing around forest areas and executing shoot-at-sight orders in the forests of Africa and India. The investigation by Dutch television Zembla revealed the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) was enforcing family planning programs in protected forest areas with an aim of reducing the local population. Survival International Director, Stephen Corry termed the controversial sterilization policy “utterly unethical.”
  • John Vidal 6-7 minutes WWF International, the world's largest conservation group, has been accused of "selling its soul" by forging alliances with powerful businesses which destroy nature and use the WWF brand to "greenwash" their operations.
  • ABC Far North / By Jemima Burt and Brendan Mounter Posted MonMonday 28 DecDecember 2020 at 7:12pm, updated MonMonday 28 DecDecember 2020 at 9:56pm
  • With the world entering the biggest mass extinction since the dinosaurs disappeared 65 million years ago, it is time for IUCN and the global conservation community it represents to prioritise the right conservation actions. National parks and other protected areas should be central to our efforts, but with poorer countries unable to pay to protect them it is essential we find effective solutions involving both private and public lands – writes distinguished Kenyan conservationist and IUCN Patron of Nature Richard Leakey.
  • A New Volkisch Mythos (dissidentvoice.org)
    As Cory Morningstar observed vis a vis this …“Can you imagine @WWF promoting the sterilization of women living around national parks in Europe or the US? The fact they consider it acceptable in India and Africa is racism, pure and simple.”
  • Forced out of the forest, many Baka communities complain of a serious decline in their health. Living on the roadside, they are increasingly exposed to malaria and other diseases. © Survival International Survival International has launched a formal complaint about the activities of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in Cameroon. This is the first time a conservation organization has been the subject of a complaint to the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), using a procedure more normally invoked against multinational corporations. The complaint charges WWF with involvement in violent abuse and land theft against Baka “Pygmies” in Cameroon, carried out by anti-poaching squads which it in part funds and equips.
  • “The revelations of this book shatter faith in the panda as a force for good.” –Die Welt “It paints the picture of an environmental organization rubbing elbows with industry; doing deals with the rich and powerful, the oil companies and GMO mafia, forgetting its goals and even losing its identity in the process.” –Süddeutsche Zeitung
  • It is 50 years since Julian Huxley, writing in the Observer, inspired the creation of the World Wildlife Fund Read Huxley's original articles here: article 1.1, 1.2; article 2; article 3.1, 3.2
  • Guide to the Julian and Juliette Huxley papers, 1899-1988 MS 512 (TARO (Texas Archival Resources Online))
    TARO (Texas Archival Resources Online) makes descriptions of the rich archival, manuscript, and museum collections in repositories across the state available to the public. The site consists of the collection descriptions or "finding aids" that archives, libraries, and museums create to assist users in locating information in their collections. Consider these an extended table of contents which describe unique materials only available at the individual repositories. In most cases, the collections themselves are NOT available online.
  • In the case of South East Asia, the forests are essential for the survival of the rich diversity of plants and animals, including such special species as elephants, rhinos and orang-utans. Equally important, they are of critical importance for the goods and services they provide for the local people. For the conservation of natural forests to have any chance of success, it requires the maintenance of very large blocks of inter-connected forest.
  • Congo Basin tribes (survivalinternational.org)
    "The forest is our mother, wet nurse. It’s this immense relationship which connects us to the forest, to the land. Baka, Cameroon"
  • This Baka girl was tortured by a WWF-funded anti-poaching squad in Cameroon early 2016. She was 10 years old at the time. © Survival International In an unprecedented move, a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)* has agreed to investigate a complaint that the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has funded human rights abuses in Cameroon, beginning a process which until now has only been used for multinational businesses.
  • A man from a village near the proposed Messok Dja national park shows scars from a beating he received at the hands of ecoguards supported and funded by WWF © Fiore Longo/Survival
  • Search results (survivalinternational.org)
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  • The World Wide Fund for Nature funds vicious paramilitary forces to fight poaching. A BuzzFeed News investigation reveals the hidden human cost. Picture of Tom Warren Tom Warren Investigations Correspondent Picture of Katie J.M. Baker Katie J.M. Baker BuzzFeed News Investigative Reporter Posted on March 4, 2019, at 3:26 a.m. ET
  • Cyril Bibby Principal, Kingston upon Hull College of Education, University of Hull Institute of Education, England, 1959–76. Author of T.H. Huxley: Scientist, Humanist, and Educator and others. Last Updated: Feb 10, 2021 See Article History